GLOSSARY OF FABRICS

Alençon lace Delicate lace with a pattern of nearly arranged flowers and swags outlined with cord.

Batiste Soft, sheer, lightweight fabric woven in cotton, wool, silk, and rayon.

Battenberg lace
Type of lace made by applying

Battenberg tape to a design and linking it with decorative stitching.

Bengaline Heavyweight ribbed fabric ; may be wool, cotton, rayon, or silk.

Brocade Heavyweight fabric with raised design woven on a Jacquard loom ; may be silk, cotton, or synthetic.

Carrickmacross A guipure lace made in Scotland with fine needlepoint stitches or appliqué.

Chantilly Lace Delicate bobbin lace with hexagonal mesh background and floral designs.

Charmeuse Lightweight, smooth fabric woven from silk, cotton, or rayon, with a slight luster.

Chiffon Light, transparent fabric of silk, cotton, rayon, or synthetics.

Crepe charmeuse Pebbly-textured ; lays flat and clings.

Crushed velvet Velvet with an irregular surface.

Damask Originally silk woven on a Jacquard loom, with high-luster designs on a flat background ; now made of cotton, linen, or synthetics.

Dotted Swiss See point d'esprit.

Duchesse satin Lightweight, glossy satin-weave fabric ; may be silk or rayon.

Dupioni A thicker, coarse, slubby silk weave.

Eyelet Cotton or linen fabric with openwork pattern "punched" out and embroidery worked around each hole.

Faille Thick, ribbed, crisp fabric of silk or silk-rayon. See also bengaline, gros de Londres.

Georgette Very sheer, lightweight silk, cotton, or synthetic.

Gros de Londres Fine, flat ribbed silk or rayon; see also bengaline, faille.

Guipure lace Heavy tape lace characterized by large motifs with few connecting bars. See also Carrickmacross.

Illusion Fine tulle, maline, or net.Jacquard Wide variety of patterned dress-weight cloth made on a Jacquard loom ; may be silk, rayon, or synthetic.

Lamé Fabric woven with metallic threads ; often blended with silk or rayon to appear to be molten silver or gold.

Linen Crisp, lightweight fabric woven with fibers from flax plants.

Maline Very fine net.Marquisette Soft, transparent net ; virtually weightless.

Matelassé Originally, silk quilted to create a puckered appearance ; now made of silk, cotton, rayon, wool, or synthetic fibers.

Moiré Stiff, heavy, ribbed fabric with a pattern that resembles melting jagged stripes ; may be silk, rayon, or synthetic.Net Heavyweight meshlike weave.

Organdy Crisp, sheer, lightweight cloth ; can be woven from silk or rayon.

Organza A transparent fabric that is heavier, stiffer, and more formal than chiffon ; commonly woven from rayon.

Ottoman Heavy, luxurious, ribbed weave of silk, rayon, cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers.

Paper taffeta Very crisp taffeta.

Peau de soie Heavy satin woven with fine ribbing, giving it a distinctive dull luster ; its name means "skin of silk."

Piqué Honeycomb weave, usually cotton; often used for cuffs and collars.

Point d'esprit Sheer, almost transparent cotton flecked with white dots; also called dotted Swiss.

Ribbon lace Modern derivation of Battenberg and Renaissance lace.

Satin Densely woven silk with one lustrous and one matte side. Also made from rayon and synthetics.

Schiffli Allover embroidery design with running stitches instead of knots.

Shantung Plain-weave silk or synthetic fabric with rough, randomly nubby texture, produced by weaving uneven fibers together.

Silk-faced satin See duchesse satin.

Taffeta Crisp, lightweight fabric with a smooth finish, made in silk, cotton, rayon, and synthetics.

Tissue taffeta Thin, almost transparent taffeta.

Tulle Sheer meshlike weave with hexagonal holes; made of silk, nylon, or rayon. Also called illusion, maline or net.

Velvet Originally silk, now also of rayon or cotton, double-woven with a short, thick pile; plush and soft to the touch.

Velveteen Cotton or rayon velvet; single woven.

Venise lace Needlepoint lace of floral motifs connected with irregularly spaced bridges.


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Care of Couture Collections

Glossary of Styles

Gown Preservation FAQ


 
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